Medieval Monday: Fire! Fire! — Allison D. Reid

Fire was crucial to survival in the Middle Ages. With electricity and gas-powered devices still far into the future, open flame was the most common source of heat for cooking, industry, and protection against the cold. Fires were a bit more difficult to set in an era before matches, particularly if everything was wet. Fire-steels, […]

Medieval Monday: Fire! Fire! — Allison D. Reid

Sir Lenny Henry confirms role as an early Hobbit in Amazon’s LOTR show — Lord of the Rings on Amazon Prime News, JRR Tolkien, The Hobbit and more |

In an interview with BBC, Lenny Henry dishes on his Harfoot role in the billion dollar TV series.

Sir Lenny Henry confirms role as an early Hobbit in Amazon’s LOTR show — Lord of the Rings on Amazon Prime News, JRR Tolkien, The Hobbit and more |

The Animated Hobbit & The Lord of the Rings, Part II

[image description: a triptych of cover art for the three animated films based on the works of j. r. r. tolkien: the hobbit, the lord of the rings, and the return of the king. (Fair Use)]

Now, as promised, here is my review and analysis of the three animated Tolkien films, Rankin/Bass‘s The Hobbit and The Return of the King, and Bakshi‘s The Lord of the Rings. And since I first watched them all in chronological order, the way they were first shown to me on network television as a child, I’ll tackle them in that order, each in its turn.


The Rankin/Bass animated film adaptation of J. R. R. Tolkien’s The Hobbit is, perhaps unsurprisingly, closer to the book than the live action trilogy. It also includes a lot more of Tolkien’s songs and poetry, and the musical adaptations aren’t bad. It’s also obviously geared toward children, but adults can enjoy it, too. If you can get past the dated animation style, this is a nice introduction to Tolkien’s Middle-earth. The depictions of Hobbits, and even moreso Dwarves and Elves, are very fairytale-like. I’d say the Dwarves are somewhere between Snow White’s companions and the ones depicted in Bakshi’s The Lord of the Rings. Elrond would’ve probably made a good Oberon in Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream. And Thranduil… well, for some reason he looks like a Gremlin and sounds like Bela Lugosi.

[image description: still of thranduil the elvenking seated on his throne, from the 1977 animated adaptation of “the hobbit” by rankin/bass (Fair Use).]

Glenn Yarbrough lends his distinctive voice to “The Balladeer”, a minstrel we hear but never see, with an original song “The Greatest Adventure (The Ballad of the Hobbit)“, in which he appears to be calling us out as escapists:

A man who’s a dreamer and never takes leave
Who thinks of a world that is just make believe
Will never know passion
Will never know pain
Who sits by the window
Will one day see rain.

The rest of the songs in the movie are all adaptations of Tolkien’s poems, and thankfully most of them aren’t sung by Yarbrough. It is from this film that we get such rousing classics as “Down, Down To Goblin Town“, “Rollin’ Down The Hole“, and “Funny Little Things“. And of course, we get Yarbrough’s rendition of “The Road Goes Ever On” (on the soundtrack titled simply “Roads“) which, like “The Greatest Adventure”, has an annoying tendency to obnoxiously stick in your head. The Balladeer will unfortunately be back in The Return of the King, which we’ll discuss after we take on Bakshi’s masterpiece.


Ralph Bakshi’s animated film adaptation of J. R. R. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings is indeed a masterpiece, but it’s also a hot mess. Can you use that term for things as well as people? Well, I just did. In fact, it’s got so many things wrong with it that someone wrote a scathingly funny review of it long ago which I consider the only review of this movie you really need. And yet here I am, reviewing it. Why? Because unlike that guy I freaking love it. This was my initial introduction to the darkness of Tolkien’s fantasy world and moreso than the other two animated films it’s what really got me intrigued enough to actually read the books as a teenager. At times creepy and even downright frightening, I feel that this movie out of the three truly captures the essence of Tolkien’s epic fantasy, and I’m not just saying that because I smoked a few bowls of pipeweed before watching it again. Never mind that the voice actors aren’t always consistent in how they pronounce place names like “Edoras” and can’t seem to agree even with themselves on whether the evil wizard is named “Saruman” or “Aruman”.

[image description: still from ralph bakshi’s 1978 animated film “the lord of the rings” featuring a black rider looming over frodo, sam, merry, and pippin as they hide from him in a hollow beneath the roots of a tree (Fair Use).]

As you may or may not know, Bakshi used an animation technique in this movie known as rotoscoping. That’s where you film a live action version of a scene and then draw over it, frame by frame, in order to create realistic animation. It’s what brought us films like Waking Life and A Scanner Darkly. But unlike with those films, this wasn’t done consistently in Bakshi’s film, so the result is a weird mish-mash of animation styles that some people find distracting or even off-putting. But it does make for some trippy scenes, like this one, which to me does a really good job of drawing you out of the Hobbits’ ordinary reality and into the dark, surreal landscape that is the nightmarish world of the evil Ringwraiths:

The Lord of the Rings – “Chase To The River” scene {Ralph Bakshi, 1978}

If you listen very carefully to the soundtrack of the above video clip, you can hear an eerie sobbing throughout the start of the scene, a sound effect no doubt intended to impact the subconscious minds of hapless viewers. At times Leonard Rosenman‘s score can be a bit overblown, but it’s wonderful overall, and in fact back in the day I even went so far as to purchase it on Compact Disc. And yet until I watched this movie again for the purposes of this review, I’d plumb forgotten about the utterly endearing lament for Gandalf (“Mithrandir“), which I have fond memories of listening to around Christmastide. That really should have been in my Hobbit Day/Tolkien week playlist, so I have rectified that by adding it, along with a couple of other notable selections from the motion picture soundtrack.

This film’s biggest flaw is of course that it is unfinished. At no point in time were we apprised of the fact that this is not actually The Lord of the Rings, but rather only the first part of The Lord of the Rings, until it ended, unsatisfactorily, in the middle of The Two Towers. As the review I linked to above put it best, “they publicised the movie as Tolkien’s complete Lord of the Rings, giving no hint to anyone that it was, in fact, only Part One. It was even advertised that way. And they kept you on in that belief right up to the very moment when you had paid for the movie, sat through the whole thing, and were waiting to see how they were going to screw up the ending – my friends and I were actually looking forward to it in a perverse way, since a glance at our watches told us they’d have to tie up all the loose ends very quickly – when suddenly the narrator announces that Part One has just concluded and the credits begin to roll.”


After Bakshi’s long strange trip, Rankin/Bass brings us back down to earth (sort of… there’s only so far down to earth you can get in a world populated by such fantastic beings as Elves, Dwarves, and Wizards). Only, instead of doing their own version of the entirety of The Lord of the Rings as a sequel to their version of The Hobbit, they apparently opted to kinda sorta make a sequel to Bakshi’s animated film as well as their own. Maybe they just didn’t think it would be lucrative for them cover the same ground, or maybe it was licensing issues, I don’t know; nor do I care enough to look it up. But it reminds me of something I’ll be touching on in the upcoming sequel to my Tolkien video game post, as pertains to three Playstation 2 and Xbox/Windows game adaptations of which the first was squarely based on the books, whereas the other two were based on the Peter Jackson films (and I’ll get into why that is in that future post).

[image description: still of merry and pippin from the rankin/bass 1980 animated film “the return of the king” (Fair Use).]

I thought it was great that singing was included in Rankin/Bass’s The Hobbit (and this may be an unpopular opinion but I loved that the extended versions of the live action trilogy included more of that as well), and I especially liked that most of the song lyrics came directly from Tolkien’s own poetry. But with this much darker sequel to their earlier animated film it seems that R/B felt obliged to lighten the mood by adding so many songs that it’s practically a musical.

Don’t get me wrong, I love the idea behind it–that what we are witnessing is what those at Bilbo Baggins’s 129th birthday feast are remembering or imagining, as evoked by the Balladeer, now known as the Minstrel of Gondor and shown playing a lute beside Elrond’s long dining table as he sings of past events. It’s the execution of it that starts to pall. The first time you hear that warbling voice trill out: “Frodo of the Nine Fingers, and the Ring of Doooom!” you’re like, YEAH! and start singing along. But by the umpteenth time you hear it reprised, you just want it to stop. The Minstrel of Gondor is kind of like Sir Robin’s Minstrels in that, had the guests at the feast eaten him, there would have been much rejoicing on my part.

Frodo of the Nine Fingers

Far worse than some of the music, however, is the cringeworthy dialogue. You know, the kind that attempts to sound like Ye Olde Speech of Some Misremembered Past. There was a bit of this in the first movie, but they really ramp it up in this one, until it grates on the ears. And it’s even worse when you hear this sort of dialogue coming out of the mouth of someone who sounds like Casey Kasem, because it is… it’s actually Casey Kasem doing Merry’s voice. And I keep expecting him to punctuate every sentence with “Scoooob!”

Beginning in media res as it does, there are numerous characters, items, and events in R/B’s The Return of the King which would’ve naturally been unfamiliar to anyone who hadn’t read the books or seen Bakshi’s The Lord of the Rings, even if they’d watched the movie this one purports to be a sequel to. But once the stage is set by the Minstrel’s introductory song, rather than let itself get bogged down with too much exposition there are quite a few times when this movie just can’t be bothered to explain something. Take, for example, “The Phial of Galadriel. I can say no more”… because then I’d have to get into our whole stay in Lothlorien, explain who the Lady Galadriel is, and–wait, why can’t he just do that?

Return of the King (1980) – Cirith Ungol Part 3

So instead we get this ridiculous explanation from Frodo that if he betrays the secret of the phial its powers will die. I mean… what? But aside from a few flaws along those lines, this adaptation of the third novel in Tolkien’s trilogy is surprisingly faithful, and it does have some snappy musical numbers, a few of which surpass even the best ones from The Hobbit. After all, who can forget the rockin’ (and seemingly interminable) “Where There’s a Whip, There’s a Way”?

Where there’s a whip, there’s a way!

So I’ll end this review on a positive note by saying that the scene in which Éowyn faces the Witch-king of Angmar is one of the best this or any animated film of its time has to offer. I would’ve loved to have seen Bakshi’s version, but alas, he never got this far. But the Rankin/Bass version is much closer to the scene in the book than the one made by Peter Jackson & company with its unnecessary alterations, and therefore that much better. Now, as bookish as I am, I can understand making slight changes to a scene in order to have it come across better in a movie, but the changes to Éowyn’s big moment in the live action film adaptation of The Return of the King are inexcusable in my opinion, and somehow make the scene less dramatic. As much as I love the Peter Jackson films, there are some things about them I’ll never forgive, and unlike for some folk in the fandom, none of them have anything to do with Arwen.

Eowyn contronts the Witch KIng

A sword rang as it was drawn. ‘Do what you will, but I will hinder it, if I may.’

‘Hinder me? Thou fool. No living man may hinder me!’

Then Merry heard of all sounds in that hour the strangest. It seemed that Dernhelm laughed, and the clear voice was like the ring of steel. ‘But no living man am I! You look upon a woman. Éowyn I am, Éomund’s daughter. You stand between me and my lord and kin. Begone, if you be not deathless! For living or dark undead, I will smite you, if you touch him.’

J. R. R. Tolkien, The Return of the King

Happy Friday to all! — Writing, Reading, Living, but mostly Hiding

If you’re reading this, I wish you a Happy Friday and a memorable weekend ahead! Forget about the bad things, the troubles, the drama. Enjoy yourself! Enjoy being alive! Embrace life, taste it! Let yourself fully lean into love! Feel your body supported by the earth. You are enough! Cheers!

Happy Friday to all! — Writing, Reading, Living, but mostly Hiding

Middle-earth Ambience

I know, I know, not only is Tolkien Week over, so is Second Tolkien Week. But the fact is that I was delayed, kept from blogging all the things I had originally intended to, by the unwelcome intrusion of Real Life™. So now here I am, still blogging all the Tolkien things. Huzzah!

Speaking of unwelcome intrusions, we can’t always prevent them, but there is one type that we might have a modicum of control over, and that is unwelcome thoughts. One of the greatest healing properties that fantasy has to offer is its ability to facilitate a much-needed escape from all the intrusions and demands of the mundane world, as well as our own intrusive thoughts and unreasonable demands upon ourselves.

So if ever I’m feeling overwhelmed, either with the cares and burdens of today, or the fears and anxieties over what tomorrow may hold, I often turn to a fantasy book. This time around it happens to be The Lord of the Rings (and what a perfect season for it). I’m not sure how many times I’ve read it since that first time when I was around fifteen years old, but it never fails to delight and comfort me, and draw me into the wonderful magical world that Tolkien created, known as Middle-earth.

Now, whenever I read a book I like to make myself as comfy as possible, ideally in an overstuffed chair by the fireplace, with a pipe of tobacco and a glass of wine or sherry at hand, and (as is often the case) a bout of that curious condition known in modern parlance as “CatLap“. But even in the absence of all of these accoutrements, nowadays we are (most of us) fortunate enough to be able to enjoy a good read, or meditation, or simple relaxation accompanied by daydreaming or reminiscing, with some ambience courtesy of our computers or other such infernal devices. So in this post I’m going to recommend my favourite Middle-earth ambience YouTube videos (so far). Let’s start with one of the most obvious locations one might want to retreat to from the vicissitudes of life: a cozy hobbit hole in The Shire. After all, adventures make one late for dinner!

Lord of the Rings Hobbit Hole Ambience – The Shire, Peaceful Evening in Bag End

And for those who prefer to sit out on their porch, enjoying the cool night air and the occasional music of a light rain and some distant windchimes:

Hobbit Village Ambience – Night Time At The Shire

For the more adventurous sort, there’s always one of my favourite watering holes, The Prancing Pony, east of the Shire in the village of Bree, with some nice cozy hobbit-sized accommodations. But take care–there’s talk of strange folk abroad:

Prancing Pony Inn – Lord of the rings Ambience Village of Bree – Rain & Thunderstorm

Or perhaps you’d prefer to have this fellow do nothing but stare at you since you arrived:

Lord of the Rings Prancing Pony Ambience

Wes hal, friends!

Medieval Carpenters — A Writer’s Perspective

Bradford on Avon Tithe Barn Exterior We’re back with medieval crafts and trades this week, looking at carpenters. There have always been carpenters. Two thousand years ago, Joseph, the earthly father of Jesus, was a carpenter and there were carpenters two thousand years before him. Their craft remained unchanged for centuries. We know that carpentry […]

Medieval Carpenters — A Writer’s Perspective

Medieval Monday: The Labors of October — Allison D. Reid

There is no doubt now, that fall is here. The weather is getting cooler, and the labors of summer have produced an abundant harvest. It is a time of plenty in the medieval world, albeit a cautious one. The harsh winter months are only just ahead, and what has been so carefully grown and collected […]

Medieval Monday: The Labors of October — Allison D. Reid

The Animated Hobbit & The Lord of the Rings

[image description: a triptych of cover art for the three animated films based on the works of j. r. r. tolkien: the hobbit, the lord of the rings, and the return of the king. (Fair Use)]

Here’s something I don’t think I’ve mentioned about myself before: I love animation. I have ever since I was a child, watching Saturday-morning cartoons on network television, and going to see Disney’s Bambi and Dumbo at the movies with my mother. So I’m a huge fan of Netflix’s Castlevania, and I’m eagerly looking forward to The Legend of Vox Machina–so much so, in fact, that I contributed to the Kickstarter at the Defender level, for which I was rewarded with the goodies you see below (this was long before the pandemic, which led to the loss of my job and my having to collect emergency unemployment benefits which have since run out).

[image description: photograph of an array of critical role’s the legend of vox machina kickstarter backer rewards, including the 8×10 art print, trinket plushie, waxed canvas messenger bag, sticker set, character pin set, dice set, beanie, and set of letter openers. not pictured: set of playing cards. image copyright 2021 by strider lee.]

In fact, my very first introduction to the fantastical world of J. R. R. Tolkien was with the Rankin/Bass animated movie version of The Hobbit, which aired on network television in the late seventies, and then again a couple years later along with Ralph Bakshi‘s The Lord of the Rings, which as I mentioned in a previous post, aired right after The Hobbit that one year, followed by the earlier film’s sequel, The Return of the King, also by Rankin/Bass. Though as a child of about 9 or 10 I was a bit confused by the different animation styles between Bakshi’s version and the other two, I still had a sense that this was the same story and set in the same world, with many of the same characters. But I wouldn’t find out it all came from books until a few years later, when I first started getting into D&D.

Anyway, the reason I bring all this up is that I had intended to rewatch those three movies this week even as they had been first presented to me in my childhood. But not just for the nostalgia–I intended to blog about them, for the enjoyment of my readers, whether you are familiar with them or not. And I still intend to do that, only it won’t be as easy as I’d first imagined. The reason is that two of the movies, The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, are not available to watch for free on any streaming service right now (except broken up into short clips in a playlist on YouTube), and now that my unemployment benefits have ended, I can’t afford to be paying for anything I don’t need. Besides, I already have them on DVD, I just don’t know where in this mess they can be found (probably packed away in a box somewhere). Also, The Return of the King isn’t even available to stream at all (except in the aforementioned manner on YouTube), only to purchase from Amazon in the form of an exorbitantly priced DVD. That one I have on videotape somewhere, but I don’t even own a VCR anymore, so even if I could find it now, that’s out.

So here’s what I plan to do instead: I’m going to watch every scene of those three movies that are available to me on YouTube, in the order they were meant to be seen (this will take some doing when it comes to the Bakshi film, since the playlist presents a few of the scenes out of sequence for some reason). And then sometime in the near future I’ll be back to tell you all about them. If you’d like to watch them yourself, here are the links to the playlists I found:

The Hobbit (Animated 1977 Rankin/Bass)

Ralph Bakshi – The Lord of the Rings (1978)

Return of the King (1980)

Frodo sings a Shire song at the Prancing Pony while Ringwraiths attack Merry. From Ralph Bakshi’s animated version of The Lord of the Rings (1978).

The Grim, the Dark, and the Light of Middle-earth — Traveling in Books

Once upon a time, in a 2014 interview with Rolling Stone, George R.R. Martin made a few comments about The Lord of the Rings and the flaws he saw therein. While he stated that he is a fan of Tolkien and of The Lord of the Rings, Martin declared that Tolkien had a “medieval philosophy” […]

The Grim, the Dark, and the Light of Middle-earth — Traveling in Books

Accidental Riddles in the Invisible Dark (Throwback Thursday, and The Hobbit Read-Along, and Hobbit Day) — A Pilgrim in Narnia

At A Pilgrim in Narnia, we have an occasional feature called “Throwback Thursday.” By raiding either my own blog-hoard or someone else’s, I find a blog post from the past and throw it back out into the digital world. This might be an idea or book that is now relevant again, or a concept I’d […]

Accidental Riddles in the Invisible Dark (Throwback Thursday, and The Hobbit Read-Along, and Hobbit Day) — A Pilgrim in Narnia